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How to Separate My Trash?

Do you have a lot of trash at home? Are you confused on what to do with them? Actually, there are several things you can do with your trash, one of which is recycling. In this article, we will provide information on how to recycle your trash and where to place them correctly.

Recycling is the process of converting waste materials into new products. This method becomes one key component of waste management and reduction which has a purpose for environmental sustainability. Recycled products have great value and are useful for everyday life, both for the community and the company. Recycling can reduce the use of raw materials by reusing materials that are still potentially useful. It can decrease the quantity of waste deposited in landfills.

However, recycling sometimes requires quite a long process. Even in developed countries,  there are still many people who have not done recycling effectively due to several factors, such as difficulty accessing recycling places and so on. Therefore, more people just let their waste end up in the landfills.

Several developed countries and the recycling industry have designed various recycling programs to be effectively done by everyone even from their own homes. Technological advances have also introduced AI-enabled sorting, applications that let people scan packages before throwing them away. However, the programs and technologies require a long process and substantial funds before they can be implemented properly and precisely.

In the meantime, we can recycle our own trash before it is too late. It, actually, is not a difficult process to do; it can be started from separating our own trash to what can and cannot be recycled. 


What Type of Materials Can be Recycled?


Electronic waste or e-waste, such as smartphones, telephones, TVs, computers, etc., can be recycled and used for manufacturing new products. E-waste contains a variety of valuable and hazardous materials, so it is important to recycle these items properly. Recycling e-waste involves disassembling the devices and extracting valuable materials such as metals, plastics, and glass for reuse.

Most communities have programs in place to recycle electronics. You can usually bring your old electronics to a designated collection site, where they will be processed for recycling. Some retailers and manufacturers also offer take-back programs, where you can return your old electronics for recycling.

Beneko is a circular marketplace that offers you to bring your old and unused electronic devices to us. At Beneko, we will inspect your unused electronics and sell them as second-hand products or reuse them for spare parts so we can recover as much money as possible before recycling them. Then, we give the money back to you as our customers in the form of credit which you can use for your next payment in our app. 


Cans made of steel and aluminum can be recycled. The materials used to make these cans is infinitely recyclable; thus, it is beneficial that it be saved rather than thrown away. In light of the fact that each can may be recycled and put back on the market as a new can.

However, make sure that they are rinsed and empty. Aluminum foil covered in food waste is not accepted by recycling facilities because it contaminates other recyclable items. 


Glass bottles (wine, beer, etc), jars (jam, sauces, etc) and non-food bottles (perfumes, face cream, etc) can be recycled as long as they are empty and rinsed. Leftover liquid can contaminate other recyclables which may mean they are not recycled. 

The recycling process of this type of material involves melting down used glass and molding it into new bottles and jars. Glass is 100% recyclable and does not deteriorate in the recycling process.


Cosmetics packaging, such as containers, tubes, and bottles along with the pumps, can be recycled, but the product itself cannot be recycled. The recycling process for cosmetics packaging is similar to the recycling process for other types of plastic containers. 

Some cosmetics manufacturers have take-back programs for their packaging, so you may be able to return the packaging to them for recycling. Moreover, in the UK, there is a company named Boots that accepts hard-to-recycle products from any brands and sources. 

Dental stuff

Dental stuff, such as toothbrushes, electric and battery toothbrush heads, floss containers, and other oral care products, can be recycled by TerraCycle. You can bring the items for recycling to a participating drop-off point near your in the UK; it is free. 

Paper products

Paper products, such as newspapers, printer papers, cardboard boxes, magazines, and paper tubes can be recycled and produced as new products. The recycling process typically involves breaking down the paper fibers, removing contaminants, and forming new sheets of paper.


Milk cartons, juice cartons, and soup cartons together with their caps can all be recycled as long as they are emptied and rinsed.

Plastics #1 and #2

Plastic containers with number #1 and #2 in the triangle recycling symbol can be recycled as long as they are clean and rinsed. In general, these items include thick plastic bottles, jugs, and tubs for kitchen, bathroom, or laundry materials.

Bags and wrappers

Salad bags, carrier bags, crisp and biscuit packets, ready meal film lids and others that can spring back when you crumble can be recycled at the Co-op store. The material is sorted by polymer type and made into bin bags, rigid storage items and construction boards. Make sure you have cleaned and rinsed the items before recycling them.

Pet food pouches

Any pet food pouch that is made from a flexible plastic which can be bent, squeezed or scrunched from any brand can be recycled at Pets at Home. Just make sure that the items have been cleaned and rinsed to remove any remaining food before giving them to the store. 

The pouches will go through a specially designed process which heats the plastic, turning it back into an oil and separates the aluminum which will be turned back into new products.


Recycling of cookware depends on the type of material it is made from. Aluminum cookware can be recycled and is in high demand for recycling. Aluminum is a valuable material that can be melted down and made into new products, such as new aluminum cookware or beverage cans. Stainless steel cookware can also be recycled and is in high demand for recycling. Stainless steel is a valuable material that can be melted down and made into new products, such as new stainless steel cookware or kitchen appliances. Moreover, cast iron cookware can also be recycled. Cast iron can be melted down and made into new products, such as new cast iron cookware or ornamental items.


Clothing, shoes, and towels can be recycled. The recycling process involves sorting and separating the textiles, which can then be used to make new products, such as wiping rags or insulation.

Light bulbs

Fluorescent and LED light bulbs can both be recycled. The recycling process involves separating the valuable metals and other materials, which can then be used to make new products.

Cables and chargers

Cables and chargers are made from a variety of materials, including metals like copper, aluminum, and steel, as well as plastic and rubber. These materials can be recovered and recycled to produce new products. 

You can bring your unused cables and chargers to Recycle Your Electricals which already has more than 5,100 recycling points in the UK.

CDs and DVDs

CDs and DVDs can be recycled because they are made from a combination of materials, including plastic and metal, that can be separated and processed for reuse. The plastic layer of a CD or DVD can be ground into small particles and melted down to create new plastic products, while the metal layer can be melted and used to create new metal products.

Furthermore, you can sell your unwanted DVDs and CDs to musicMagpie. It is a marketplace for selling unused Mobile Phone, Tech, CDs, DVDs, Games and Books. 


Vapes are made from a variety of materials, including metals like steel and aluminum, as well as plastic and other materials. These materials can be recovered and recycled to produce new products.

However, the recycling process for vapes can be more complex compared to other types of electronics due to the presence of materials like lithium-ion batteries, which can be dangerous if not handled properly. Thus, you need to take the battery out if there is one and recycle it separately. 


Lead-acid batteries from cars and rechargeable batteries from electronics can both be recycled. The recycling process involves extracting the lead and other valuable metals, which can then be used to make new batteries.

Northvolt is a company in the battery business. Manufacturing with clean energy, its mission is to deliver batteries with an 80% lower carbon footprint compared to those made using coal energy. It recovers used batteries and recycles them into raw materials for new batteries.

It is important to note that the ability to recycle these materials varies depending on local recycling programs and their available technology, as well as market demand for recycled materials. Some materials may not be accepted by all recycling programs, so it is always best to check with your local program to see what they accept. 

Recycling helps to conserve natural resources, reduce waste, and create new jobs in the recycling and manufacturing industries, making it a crucial part of the effort to create a more sustainable future.

Organic materials

Organic materials, such as food waste, yard waste, and agricultural waste, can be recycled through a process known as composting. Composting is the natural process of breaking down organic materials into a nutrient-rich soil amendment that can be used to improve the soil in gardens and agriculture. 

What Type of Materials Cannot be Recycled?

Large plastic toys

Large plastic toys such as children’s slides, toddler bicycles, and others, can be difficult to recycle because they are often made from a mixture of different types of plastic, which can make it challenging to separate and recycle the materials. Additionally, some large toys may contain metal or other non-plastic components, which cannot be recycled.

Another reason why large plastic toys may not be recyclable is that they are often too large for standard recycling equipment, which is designed to process smaller items. This can cause problems in the recycling process, as the machinery may not be able to handle the size and weight of the toy.

Polystyrene packaging material

Polystyrene, commonly known as styrofoam, is a type of plastic that is used in a wide range of products, including food packaging, disposable coffee cups, and insulation materials. While polystyrene is technically recyclable, it is not commonly recycled in practice.

The main reason for this is that polystyrene is a lightweight and low-value material that is difficult to sort and process at recycling facilities. Additionally, polystyrene is often contaminated with food waste, making it less desirable for recycling.

However, if you live within the north London waste authority, you can take your polystyrene packaging to your local tip.

VHS tapes

VHS tapes are made from plastic and magnetic tape, and they cannot be melted down and made into new materials like other types of plastics.

Window glass and glass cookware

Window glass, which is made of float glass, and glass cookware, such as Pyrex and ceramics, should not be recycled. Some additives that are frequently used in the manufacturing of these products can contaminate other recyclable materials. Moreover, they are no longer in a form that can be remelted and repurposed.

Disposable diapers

Disposable diapers are not commonly recyclable. They are made of a mixture of materials, including plastic, paper, and absorbent gel, which makes them difficult to recycle. Additionally, used diapers can contain bacteria and other contaminants, which can pose a health risk to recycling workers.

It is important to check with your local recycling center for the specific items they will accept, as recycling programs can vary from place to place. Additionally, new recycling technologies and processes are continually being developed, so the list of recyclable materials may change over time.

Benefits of Recycling

Recycling is a crucial aspect of waste management and has numerous benefits, both for the environment and for society as a whole. Some of the key benefits of recycling include:

Conservation of natural resources

Recycling conserves natural resources by using recycled materials instead of new raw materials. This helps to reduce the depletion of finite resources, such as forests, minerals, and oil, and helps to conserve the environment for future generations.

Reduction of waste 

Recycling reduces the amount of waste that goes to landfills and incinerators, helping to conserve space and reduce the negative impact of waste on the environment.

Energy savings

Recycling often requires less energy than producing new products from raw materials, leading to energy savings and reduced greenhouse gas emissions.

Job creation

Recycling creates jobs in the collection, processing, and manufacturing of recycled materials. This can help to stimulate local economies and create new job opportunities.

Pollution reduction

Recycling reduces the pollution generated by the production and transportation of new products, helping to improve air and water quality and protect the environment.

Climate change mitigation

Recycling can help to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, a major contributor to climate change, by conserving energy and reducing the need for new raw materials.

In conclusion, recycling is an important part of waste management and has numerous benefits for the environment, the economy, and society as a whole. By recycling, we can conserve natural resources, reduce waste, and contribute to a more sustainable future for ourselves and for future generations.

5 Tips for Recycling

    1. Set up recycling bin

To help you remember and do recycling, you need to set up recycling bins near your trash can. Therefore, whenever you are going to take out the trash, you will always check and filter whether the items thrown away can be recycled or not. Remember to always sort recyclable items properly, which means separating paper, plastic, glass, and metal into separate containers.

    1. Check local recycling regulations

Each community recycling facility has different equipment and ways of recycling a product. Therefore, it is important for you to check in advance the regulations regarding products that can and cannot be recycled at local recycling in your area.

    1. Clean and sort recyclables

Make sure to clean recyclables from any food residue or other contaminants and sort them before putting them in your recycling bin. This helps to ensure that the recyclables are of high quality and can be effectively processed.

    1. Take precautions

Recycling is one method to reduce waste and lower the use of raw materials. However, another easier way to prevent waste is to avoid using single-use items. You can buy items that can be used several times. For example, you can use shopping bags instead of disposable plastic bags or reusing a used jar for food containers. Moreover, you also have done reducing the amount of waste you generate in the first place.

    1. Spread the word 

Another tip is that you can encourage others to recycle by sharing your knowledge and enthusiasm for recycling. The more people who recycle, the greater the impact on the environment and the economy.

By following these tips, you can help to make your recycling efforts more effective and contribute to a more sustainable future.